The CWC aims to eliminate entire category of chemical weapons of the mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention or use by Member States. States Parties, in turn take the steps necessary to enforce the prohibition in respect of persons (natural or legal) within their jurisdiction.

The States Parties to this Convention are determined to act with a view to achieving effective progress towards general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control, including the prohibition and elimination of all types of weapons of mass destruction, -Desiring to contribute to the realization of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

Status of National Implementation

Three of the eight CW possessor states have completely destroyed their CW stockpiles: Albania (July 2007); another State Party (July 2008); and India (March 2009). The remaining possessor states are Iraq, Libya, Syria, Russia and the United States, yet to complete the destruction of Chemical weapons.

Important Deadlines

The Sixteenth Session of the CSP took place November 28 – December 2, 2011 in The Hague. States Parties addressed the concern that not all CW possessor states will meet the April 29, 2012 deadline for destroying all chemical weapons. Libya, Russia and the United States notified the OPCW that destruction operations would not be completed by that time. Noting the commitment of each of these countries to complete their CW stockpile destruction activities as soon as possible, the CSP resolved that the three countries would not be penalized for missing the deadline, but that additional measures, including providing detailed destruction plans and interim milestone dates, would need to be provided to the OPCW immediately after the expiration of the deadline.

Notable activities

1. India has completed its destruction well before the scheduled time fixed by OPCW.

2. Since remaining possessor state failed to adhere to the deadline criteria , India raised voice in the EC and CSP meetings in the past at OPCW to complete Destruction of chemical weapons by all state parties who has declared with a time bound period.